DAY 35. THURSDAY 30 APRIL 2020.
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:
The Prophet (ﷺ) used to invoke Allah at night, saying, “O Allah: All the Praises are for You: You are the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth. All the Praises are for You; You are the Maintainer of the Heaven and the Earth and whatever is in them. All the Praises are for You; You are the Light of the Heavens and the Earth. Your Word is the Truth, and Your Promise is the Truth, and the Meeting with You is the Truth, and Paradise is the Truth, and the (Hell) Fire is the Truth, and the Hour is the Truth. O Allah! I surrender myself to You, and I believe in You and I depend upon You, and I repent to You and with You (Your evidences) I stand against my opponents, and to you I leave the judgment (for those who refuse my message). O Allah! Forgive me my sins that I did in the past or will do in the future, and also the sins I did in secret or in public. You are my only God (Whom I worship) and there is no other God for me (i.e. I worship none but You).” Narrated Sufyan:(regarding the above narration) that the Prophet (ﷺ) added, “You are the Truth, and Your Word is the Truth. (Sahih al-Bukhari 7385)
The doctrine of faith is the basic point difference between Islam and the other religions because it defines the belief structure and its aims very clearly. Many people who have reverted to Islam come head-on with the articles of faith because the basis of faith challenged them and made them restless. Faith by its nature is guidance from uncertainty to certainty which sets you on a path that is accepted by Allah, the Guide. The belief in the Oneness of Allah and all His prophets (as), His angels, His books, His commandments e.g. five daily prayers and the Last Day is what separates a Muslim from a non-Muslim. This separation means that a Muslim presents himself as insignificant but absolutely subservient to Allah, the Incomparable. Furthermore, it shows that worship cannot be to someone who cannot sustain himself and who is dependent on another. A Muslim therefore, understands that Allah is Self-sustaining and Eternal with no partner at all. He is the One, the Great, Everliving and Everlasting.
The doctrine of faith also means that the previous revealed books by Allah like the Injil and Torah contained the message of the Oneness of Allah and the coming of the final messenger to the previous prophets (as). Therefore, a Muslim is not confused when the Holy Quran confirms the messages of the Injil and Torah because he knows that the Holy Quran is not inventing a new claim but affirming the Oneness of Allah. Ibn al-Qayyim stated the following which illustrates the doctrine of faith: “Allah has revealed 104 books, and compiled its meanings into 3 books – the Torah, Bible and Quran. And He then brought together the meanings and messages of these 3 books into the Quran. He then gathered the meanings of the Quran into surah-al Fatiha in the verse: ‘And You alone we worship and You alone we seek help.’” We are living in a world where the challenges on faith is increasing therefore, the doctrine of faith for a Muslim is also termed as Aqeedah (certain belief, with no room for doubt) is not only a practical matter but a matter of knowledge reading both in the heart and mind. The knowledge referred to is the Shari’ah (Islamic Law) making it clear that the doctrine of faith of a Muslim is both Aqeedah and Shari’ah which involves acts of ritual worship and the everyday dealings with others.
If you really look at it deeply you will understand that the issues of Aqeedah are not visible. Allah is unseen, including His angels, the scales of justice, the bridge over hell, heaven, hell and the punishment in the grave yet, we bring belief in all of them because we trust in Allah. This trust in Allah is a sign of Aqeedah as well. So when you have the correct Aqeedah coupled with Shari’ah and trust in Allah, you have Iman (correct belief in Allah). What this points to is our deeds. We should pay attention to our deeds in that it must be done for Allah’ pleasure only and in line with the Shari’ah without deviating from the sunnah of Nabi Muhammad (s). This said, it is clear that Aqeedah demands great commitment, humility and submission to the will of Allah therefore, this conviction cannot be lip service.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
Family of Imran
سورة آل عمران
1. Alif. Lam. Meem.
﴿٢﴾ اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ
2. Allah. There is no god but He—the Living, the Eternal.
﴿٣﴾ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ
3. He sent down to you the Book with the Truth, confirming what came before it; and He sent down the Torah and the Gospel.
﴿٤﴾ مِنْ قَبْلُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَأَنْزَلَ الْفُرْقَانَ ۗ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انْتِقَامٍ
4. Aforetime, as guidance for humanity; and He sent down the Criterion. Those who reject Allah’s communications will have a severe punishment. Allah is Mighty, Capable of revenge.
﴿٥﴾ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَخْفَىٰ عَلَيْهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ
5. Nothing is hidden from Allah, on earth or in heaven.
﴿٦﴾ هُوَ الَّذِي يُصَوِّرُكُمْ فِي الْأَرْحَامِ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ ۚ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
6. It is He who forms you in the wombs as He wills. There is no god except He—the Almighty, the Wise.
The above ayahs (evidences) are instructive for our Aqeedah because Allah declares Himself first saying that there is no god but He and then describes Himself to us as the Living, the Eternal الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ. This means that Allah does not want us to associate partners with Him because none can compare with Him. Furthermore, Allah teaches us here that He sent down the Quran as the final revelation which confirms the revelations of the Torah and Gospel. We take strength in these ayahs because Allah confirms that He has sent down a criterion (الْفُرْقَانَ) which is the Quran, for the guidance of humanity. This means that we need to look into the Quran for guidance and come to it, immerse ourselves in it and study it with the scholars so that we improve our knowledge of Allah, His Messengers (as) and the laws He designed for humanity to live in harmony.
Look how beautiful Allah brings the knowledge of the unseen to us. Allah says: “Nothing is hidden from Allah, on the earth or in the heaven. It is He who forms you in the wombs as He wills. There is no god except He—the Almighty, the Wise.” We don’t know what heaven and hell looks like, nor do we see the formation of foetus with our naked eyes and, Allah brings forth life from the womb which was nothing. The unseen foetus comes to being as a beautiful baby proving that Allah has the power to create, fashion, design and style according to His will. Look at how we are now compared to when we were little, is it not a miracle that you see yourself age? It is a miracle. The unseen became seen. Please reflect on it. This shows that Allah is capable of doing extraordinary things without the help of creation. This is faith in what we cannot also perceive (understand) as well because the miracle of birth is with every creation and it is Allah who is capable of this grandeur with relentless precision and accuracy. Allah then is also Faatir as-Samawaati wa’l-Ard (The Originator of the heavens and the earth.)
I found the anecdote an eye-opener to the reality of faith because it details a lesson in the doctrine of faith.
Al Hasan al-Basri said to to Al-Farazdaq – the famous poet – when he was burying his wife: “What have you prepared for a day like this?” He said, “The testimony that there is no god except Allah, for seventy years.” Al-Hasan said: “That is good preparation, but there are conditions to Laa Ilaaha Illa-Allah; beware of slandering chaste women (i.e. , in your poetry)”